Due to the fact that thyroid hormones regulate the basic metabolism of the body, their deficiency can lead to disruption of all systems, including disorders in the sphere of emotions. There may be a sharp change in mood, a feeling of melancholy and sadness, up to panic and severe depressive states.
It has been confirmed that hypothyroidism provokes the development of depression, but the exact reasons for this have not yet been fully understood. There are various theories on this score: the speed of blood flow in the vessels of the brain slows down, carbohydrate metabolism is disrupted, and the work of neurotransmitters changes. All this indicates that the nervous system is very susceptible to a lack of thyroid hormones.
Most often, changes in the functioning of the thyroid gland are observed in the presence of autoimmune thyroiditis, an inflammatory disease of the thyroid gland. With the development of this condition, the cells of the immune system perceive the thyroid tissue as foreign and begin to "attack" it. As a result, her work is disrupted and the production of hormones decreases.
During pregnancy, hormonal "peaks" are observed in a woman's body, which can lead to damage to the thyroid gland, hypothyroidism and a lack of thyroid hormones. Surgeries performed on the thyroid gland can also be the reasons for a decrease in hormone production.
When treating depression, you first need to find out its source: is it a consequence of some other disease, that is, is it somatogenic depression. Statistically, most of all somatogenic depressions are caused by hypothyroidism. It is logical that the possibility of this condition must be excluded first of all. To confirm hypothyroidism, only one study is needed - a blood test for the content of thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH).
TSH is responsible for the functioning of the thyroid gland, since it is he who controls the required concentration of thyroid hormones. Therefore, when studying the functions of the thyroid gland, its content in the blood is of primary importance. This analysis is carried out in any laboratory. In case of violations, it is necessary to contact an endocrinologist.
When hypothyroidism is confirmed, hormone replacement therapy is performed. A selection of optimal doses of the drug prevents the onset of symptoms of hypofunction. Correctly prescribed therapy returns patients to their usual way of life.
Thus, hypothyroidism is a decrease in thyroid function that is most common in women. One of its first manifestations is changes in the psychoemotional sphere, prolonged bad mood, depression. However, thanks to a simple study, a blood test for TSH, it is not difficult to identify this disease and prescribe the necessary treatment.
Hormone replacement therapy cannot do much against depression, which is a common consequence of having an inactive thyroid, but fortunately, there are things you can do to feel better without antidepressants.
It is a well-known fact that mood changes appear in an underdeveloped thyroid gland. Patients with low thyroid-stimulating hormone levels are quite prone to depression. Low triiodothyronine levels and elevated thyroxine levels, a blunted thyroid-stimulating hormone response to TRH, elevated TRH concentrations in CSF, and a positive thyroid antibody test are some of the most common problems people face when it comes to thyroid health. The effects of an underactive thyroid on the brain are more serious than most people think, and hormone replacement therapy rarely cures problems like depression, but there are a few things you can do to ease your symptoms.
Symptoms of depression caused by hypothyroidism are often similar to symptoms of an independent condition and are difficult to distinguish. This includes period-related issues such as PMS, perimenopause, and menopause.
This is one of the reasons why blood tests are usually recommended to diagnose your hypothyroidism. They are good for avoiding misdiagnosis, but some people may be depressed and have an underactive or overactive thyroid at the same time.
Drugs that can add more hormones when needed, or those that block the ability to produce new thyroid hormone, tend to improve a person's overall mental health. Most of those who have an inactive thyroid gland benefit from hormone replacement therapy using levothyroxine. This medication is basically a T4 hormone, which the body then converts to another thyroid hormone known as T3 or triiodothyronine.
There are people who cannot convert T4 to T3, and despite using hormone replacement therapy, they are stuck with an underactive thyroid. Patients like this need to add hormones and combine the two forms of therapy until they feel better. Since the 1960s, hormone replacement therapy has been used to treat depression and other mental illnesses. Hormones are used to speed up the response to antidepressants and to provide a response in those who do not respond well to depression medications.
It is a little known fact that stress lowers the level of thyroid-stimulating hormone in the blood. To maintain good thyroid function, the body must maintain a good balance between cortisol and stress hormones. If a person cannot cope with stressful situations, they have an increased risk of depression.
It is difficult to live with a chronic condition, even if it is easily treatable, such as an underactive thyroid. It is normal for most patients to expect hormone replacement therapy to work, and it can help you manage stress.
One thing is important to remember when dealing with stress. You have to do what you enjoy every day. Take time for yourself, watch a movie, take a walk or take a dip. Another thing to be easy on yourself is to never take on too many responsibilities and rest when you get the chance.