The thyroid gland regulates the metabolism of the whole organism, it can speed it up, it can slow it down. All other manifestations are a consequence of metabolic changes and should be logically interconnected.
With a lack of thyroid hormones in a person, metabolism slows down. He needs fewer calories to maintain basal metabolism (basal metabolism is the expenditure of energy to maintain body function). If a person's basal metabolic rate was 1200, and became 800, then the missing 400 kcal will be deposited on his body. 400 kcal - 44 grams of fat per day, 1,300 grams per month (1.3 kg).
With a slowdown in basal metabolic rate, a person becomes lethargic and apathetic, and his appetite also decreases, and his bowel function slows down and the amount of digestive enzymes decreases, so some of the calories are simply not absorbed. With a decrease in thyroid function, it is very difficult to lose weight. But one has only to normalize the level of hormones, as the same activities will give an excellent effect - excess weight will begin to go away.
The thyroid gland can cause severe swelling that increases weight. Distinguishing weight gain due to edema from alimentary (excess food intake) set is easy. These are the only types of kilograms that will go away if a person's hormone levels are normalized.
Fat by itself will not go away with the normalization of hormones. He can go away with the observance of elementary dietary measures, I already wrote this. Why is that? Appetite will also increase. What are 400 calories? Less than 100 grams of smoked sausage, 6-8 pieces, or even less. These are not the quantities on which something really depends. And the assimilation of the eaten will go more actively.
Treat yourself and your body with respect, love your figure, despite being overweight - all this is worthy of all praise. However, being overweight is a serious danger to your body, which cannot be ignored. Lenta.ru, with the support of Berlin-Chemie / A. Menarini, explains that it plays an important role in effective weight loss.
There are often stories when grueling sports programs and strict diets do not lead to the expected result. Weight may decrease, but not comparable to the energy expended. Difficulties with reduced or, conversely, increased body weight can be symptoms of a serious illness that affects about eight million women in Russia. Excess weight is not always a consequence of a high-calorie diet. The fault of "fullness" may be a disease, namely, disorders in the thyroid gland, a decrease in its function.
In Russia, hypofunction of the thyroid gland is quite common. However, its diagnosis is fraught with difficulties, because the manifestations of hypothyroidism are nonspecific and can often be regarded by specialists as a consequence of stress and lifestyle, so the disease is not immediately detected.
Biologically active substances produced by the gland - thyroxine and triiodothyronine - "control" the basal metabolism in the human body. As a result, with a lack of these hormones, all metabolic functions decrease, including water balance, which leads to the accumulation of fluid and manifests itself in the form of edema of the upper and lower extremities, as well as the facial area. In this connection, the extreme stage of hypothyroidism is called myxedema, which translates as "mucous edema".
- Autoimmune thyroiditis. This is a disease in which, for as yet unexplained reasons, the cells of the immune system perceive the thyroid tissue as foreign and begin to "fight" against it. As a result, the work of the thyroid gland is disrupted.
- Pregnancy. During this period, significant hormonal changes are observed in the woman's body, which can lead to disruption of the thyroid gland and, consequently, to a decrease in the amount of its hormones.
- The performed surgical interventions on the thyroid gland can also be the reasons for the disruption of its work.
Symptoms of hypothyroidism are varied and are expressed not only in excess weight. The thyroid gland is responsible for the entire basic metabolism in the body, therefore, disturbances in its work will affect all systems.
Hypofunction of the thyroid gland is often not diagnosed in time, despite the variety of manifestations. Although only one study is needed to confirm the diagnosis - a blood test for the content of thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH). After 35 years of age, it is recommended to conduct this study once every five years.
TSH is responsible for the work of the thyroid gland, since it is he who controls the required concentration of thyroid hormones. Therefore, when studying the functions of the gland, its content in the blood is of primary importance. It is not difficult to carry out such an analysis, since it is performed in any laboratory. In case of violations, it is necessary to contact an endocrinologist. When hypothyroidism is confirmed, hormone replacement therapy is performed. The selection of the optimal doses of the drug prevents the onset of symptoms of hypofunction. Correctly prescribed therapy returns patients to their usual way of life.
Thus, hypothyroidism is a decrease in thyroid function that is most common in women. The disease is diagnosed out of time due to the variety of manifestations. However, thanks to a simple study, a blood test for TSH, it is not difficult to identify this disease and prescribe the necessary treatment, while health, weight and appearance will return to normal.