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Congenital hypothyroidism: causes, manifestations, treatment and possible consequences

Congenital hypothyroidism: causes, manifestations, treatment and possible consequences

Congenital hypothyroidism is a clinical syndrome that manifests itself during the neonatal period and is associated with a deficiency of thyroid hormones or insensitivity to them of body tissues. According to statistics, it is considered one of the most common among all congenital diseases of the endocrine glands. The average frequency of its occurrence is 1: 3500-4000. Moreover, in girls, this pathology is detected more often than in boys. Causes In most cases, congenital hypothyroidism is primary and is caused…

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Life-threatening complications of hypothyroidism

Life-threatening complications of hypothyroidism

Hypothyroidism is a complex of symptoms of changes on the part of various organs and systems, caused by a decrease in the level of thyroid hormones. The quality of life of patients with hypothyroidism who are constantly receiving replacement therapy with levothyroxine does not differ significantly from that of those without hypothyroidism. Hypothyroidism itself becomes a lifestyle for the patient, not a disease. However, in the absence of timely adequate treatment for hypothyroidism, the risk of complications increases. Hypothyroid coma…

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Thyroid pathology in children

Thyroid pathology in children

Unfortunately, problems with the work of the endocrine system and the thyroid gland occur not only in adults, but also in babies. Moreover, some pathologies can develop even during the period of intrauterine development! For the prevention of these conditions, proper nutrition of the expectant mother and baby is very important. Most thyroid diseases are much easier to prevent than cure. Congenital hypothyroidismThe thyroid gland is laid in the baby already at 4-5 weeks of intrauterine development. And its formation…

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Treatment tactics for newly diagnosed hypothyroidism

Treatment tactics for newly diagnosed hypothyroidism

Hypothyroidism is a clinical syndrome caused by a persistent decrease in the level of thyroid hormones. According to a Colorado population-based study, the prevalence of hypothyroidism varies from 4 to 21% in women and from 3 to 16% in men, depending on age. In the age group 45-54 years, the incidence of hypothyroidism in women was 10%, in men 5% [Canaris G. et al., Arch Intern Med, 2000]. Classification hypothyroidismPrimary hypothyroidism Hypothyroidism, caused a decrease in the number of functioning…

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Hyroidism and hypothyroidism: symptoms and treatment

Hyroidism and hypothyroidism: symptoms and treatment

Hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism (thyrotoxicosis) are two conditions of the body associated with a violation of the secretory activity of the thyroid gland (TG). The first pathology is very common: 3-4% of the country’s population suffers from it. Thyrotoxicosis is diagnosed in 0.02% of people. Most of the patients are elderly women. Over time, these diseases lead to a decrease in intellectual abilities, the development of thyroid cancer. They are especially dangerous for young children, as they cause a lag in…

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An endocrinologist’s perspective: chronic fatigue syndrome

An endocrinologist’s perspective: chronic fatigue syndrome

Loss of strength, weakness, lethargy, rapid fatigability, powerlessness, “woke up and already tired”, drowsiness, “I do not feel rested after a full sleep”, decreased concentration, memory impairment, etc. A significant proportion of people who seek advice from an endocrinologist or doctors of other specialties experience these or similar symptoms. The latter are not specific, since they can be with a number of diseases and painful conditions. Let’s figure out which common endocrine diseases can cause symptoms of chronic fatigue. With…

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Why is thyroid disease dangerous?

Why is thyroid disease dangerous?

The thyroid gland is an endocrine gland that produces hormones that affect the metabolic processes of the human body. For example, some of these hormones (triiodothyronine and thyroxine) are responsible for the growth of organs and tissues, while the other, calcitonin, ensures the exchange of calcium in the bone apparatus. What threatens the health of men, women and what does thyroid disease entail? The thyroid gland, with its unstable work, is really capable of giving us a lot of trouble….

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AUTOIMMUNE THYROIDITIS DISEASE SYMPTOMS:

AUTOIMMUNE THYROIDITIS DISEASE SYMPTOMS:

persistent or recurrent depression; memory impairment; indifference to everything; not being able to concentrate attention; tiredness, weakness, drowsiness; the increase led with loss of appetite; slow heartbeat; chilliness in the limbs; decreased physical activity; inhibition of reactions; decreased libido; deterioration of hair, skin and nails; failure of the menstrual cycle. Make an appointment with a doctor How to treat? COMPLICATIONS OF THE DISEASE: atherosclerosis; dementia; infertility, problems with bearing a fetus, miscarriages; congenital hypothyroidism in children; myxedema; prolonged depression. The…

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Thyroid nodules

Thyroid nodules

What is a thyroid nodule? A nodule (in the medical term – a nodule of the thyroid gland) is an area of altered thyroid tissue that is detected by palpation (by feeling), ultrasound or other methods of examining the thyroid gland. Nodules are different in size (even the size of a hen’s egg), in consistency (either dense or soft). They can be painful and painless (the latter is more common). Also, nodes with signs of malignancy are distinguished. All this…

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Autoimmune alopecia

Autoimmune alopecia

The structure and appearance of hair is highly dependent on genetics and care. However, there are situations when problems arise due to violations in the work of internal organs. In such cases, it is impossible to completely restore the beauty of the hair with standard cosmetic procedures. A disease such as autoimmune alopecia is accompanied by suppression of the hair root system at the cellular level. Often the problem lies in the violation of the body’s defenses: antibodies are produced…

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